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The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between Nazi Germany in Western Europe and the invading Allied forces as part of the larger conflict of World War II. Over sixty years later, the Normandy invasion, codenamed Operation Overlord, still remains the largest seaborne invasion in history, involving almost three million troops crossing the English Channel from England to Normandy in then German-occupied France.

The primary Allied formations that saw combat in Normandy came from the United States of America, United Kingdom and Canada. Other nations also provided sizable national contingents after the assault phase, including Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, and Poland.[1]

The Normandy invasion began with overnight parachute and glider landings, massive air attacks and naval bombardments, and an early morning amphibious assault on June 6, "D-Day". The battle for Normandy continued for more than two months, with campaigns to establish, expand, and eventually break out of the Allied beachheads, and concluded with the liberation of Paris and the fall of the Falaise Pocket in late August 1944.



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World War II
Participants Theatres Main events Specific articles

The Allies
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
US flag 48 stars United States
Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China
Flag of Poland Poland
Flag of Free France 1940-1944 Free France
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of Belgium Belgium
Canadian Red Ensign 1921 Canada
Flag of Norway Norway
Flag of Greece (1828-1978) Greece
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia
Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign India
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Flag of El Salvador El Salvador
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa
Flag of Egypt 1922 Egypt
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The Axis
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Flag of Japan - variant Japan
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Flag of Vichy France Vichy France
Flag of Hungary 1940 Hungary
Flag of Bulgaria (1878-1944) Bulgaria
Rumania Romania
Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of Croatia Ustasa Croatia
Slovakia WW2 flag Slovakia
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Prelude
Causes
in Europe
in Asia

Main theatres
Europe
Eastern Europe
China
Africa
Middle East
Mediterranean
Asia and the Pacific
Atlantic

General timeline
Timeline

1939
Invasion of Poland
Winter War

1940
Invasion of Denmark/Norway
Battle of France
Battle of Britain

1941
Invasion of the Soviet Union
Battle of Moscow
Attack on Pearl Harbor

1942
Battle of Midway
Battle of Stalingrad
Second Battle of El Alamein

1943
Battle of Kursk
Guadalcanal campaign
Invasion of Italy

1944
Battle of Normandy
Operation Bagration
Battle of Leyte Gulf

1945
Battle of Okinawa
Battle of Berlin
End in Europe
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Surrender of Japan

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Blitzkrieg
Cryptography
Equipment
Home Front
Military engagements
Production
Resistance
Technology

Civilian impact and atrocities
Nanking Massacre
Holocaust
Siege of Leningrad
Dutch famine of 1944
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Strategic bombings
Comfort women
Allied war crimes
German war crimes
Japanese war crimes

Aftermath
Effects
Casualties
Expulsion of Germans
Cold War

See also

Category:World War II
Topics
Conferences
Total war
WWII in contemporary culture
Military awards of World War II
Attacks on North America
Comparative military ranks of World War II


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