Napoleon III was leader of the French until his capture at the Battle of Sedan, where he and over 100,000 French troops surrendered. After his defeat, the Third French Republic was declared, and fought for five more months. The war ended after the siege of Paris, where the first anti-aircraft gun was used. (A modified German cannon used to shoot down French hot-air balloons)
Reasons for the WarEdit
The main causes of the war were rooted in the recent-history of the region. During the Napoleonic Wars, France and Prussia has fought on different sides, with a French invasion of Prussia and its subsequent liberation. Also, since the Austrian-Prussian War of 1866, in which France violated terms set by a previous negotiation between Napoleon III and Otto Von Bismarck, Prime Minister of Prussia.
During the Franco-Prussian War, the French Navy tried to a blockade of the Northern Coast of Germany. It did not fail due to several reasons, one being that the French Navy was spread around the world. There were several incidents in the war, including a battle outside Havana, Cuba.